React Testing Library.

Simple and complete React DOM testing utilities that encourage good testing

The problem

You want to write maintainable tests for your React components. As a part of
this goal, you want your tests to avoid including implementation details of your
components and rather focus on making your tests give you the confidence for
which they are intended. As part of this, you want your testbase to be
maintainable in the long run so refactors of your components (changes to
implementation but not functionality) don't break your tests and slow you and
your team down.

The solution

The React Testing Library is a very lightweight solution for testing React
components. It provides light utility functions on top of react-dom and
react-dom/test-utils, in a way that encourages better testing practices. Its
primary guiding principle is:

[The more your tests resemble the way your software is used, the more
confidence they can give you.][guiding-principle]


This module is distributed via [npm][npm] which is bundled with [node][node] and
should be installed as one of your project's devDependencies:

npm install --save-dev @testing-library/react


for installation via [yarn][yarn]

yarn add --dev @testing-library/react

This library has peerDependencies listings for react and react-dom.

You may also be interested in installing code>@testing-library/jest-dom</code so you can
use the custom jest matchers.


Basic Example

// hidden-message.js
import * as React from 'react'

// NOTE: React Testing Library works well with React Hooks and classes.
// Your tests will be the same regardless of how you write your components.
function HiddenMessage({children}) {
  const [showMessage, setShowMessage] = React.useState(false)
  return (
      <label htmlFor="toggle">Show Message</label>
        onChange={e => setShowMessage(}
      {showMessage ? children : null}

export default HiddenMessage
// __tests__/hidden-message.js
// these imports are something you'd normally configure Jest to import for you
// automatically. Learn more in the setup docs:
import '@testing-library/jest-dom'
// NOTE: jest-dom adds handy assertions to Jest and is recommended, but not required

import * as React from 'react'
import {render, fireEvent, screen} from '@testing-library/react'
import HiddenMessage from '../hidden-message'

test('shows the children when the checkbox is checked', () => {
  const testMessage = 'Test Message'

  // query* functions will return the element or null if it cannot be found
  // get* functions will return the element or throw an error if it cannot be found

  // the queries can accept a regex to make your selectors more resilient to content tweaks and changes.

  // .toBeInTheDocument() is an assertion that comes from jest-dom
  // otherwise you could use .toBeDefined()

Complex Example

// login.js
import * as React from 'react'

function Login() {
  const [state, setState] = React.useReducer((s, a) => ({...s, ...a}), {
    resolved: false,
    loading: false,
    error: null,

  function handleSubmit(event) {
    const {usernameInput, passwordInput} =

    setState({loading: true, resolved: false, error: null})

      .fetch('/api/login', {
        method: 'POST',
        headers: {'Content-Type': 'application/json'},
        body: JSON.stringify({
          username: usernameInput.value,
          password: passwordInput.value,
      .then(r => r.json().then(data => (r.ok ? data : Promise.reject(data))))
        user => {
          setState({loading: false, resolved: true, error: null})
          window.localStorage.setItem('token', user.token)
        error => {
          setState({loading: false, resolved: false, error: error.message})

  return (
      <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
          <label htmlFor="usernameInput">Username</label>
          <input id="usernameInput" />
          <label htmlFor="passwordInput">Password</label>
          <input id="passwordInput" type="password" />
        <button type="submit">Submit{state.loading ? '...' : null}</button>
      {state.error ? <div role="alert">{state.error}</div> : null}
      {state.resolved ? (
        <div role="alert">Congrats! You're signed in!</div>
      ) : null}

export default Login
// __tests__/login.js
// again, these first two imports are something you'd normally handle in
// your testing framework configuration rather than importing them in every file.
import '@testing-library/jest-dom'
import * as React from 'react'
// import API mocking utilities from Mock Service Worker.
import {rest} from 'msw'
import {setupServer} from 'msw/node'
// import testing utilities
import {render, fireEvent, screen} from '@testing-library/react'
import Login from '../login'

const fakeUserResponse = {token: 'fake_user_token'}
const server = setupServer('/api/login', (req, res, ctx) => {
    return res(ctx.json(fakeUserResponse))

beforeAll(() => server.listen())
afterEach(() => {
afterAll(() => server.close())

test('allows the user to login successfully', async () => {
  render(<Login />)

  // fill out the form
  fireEvent.change(screen.getByLabelText(/username/i), {
    target: {value: 'chuck'},
  fireEvent.change(screen.getByLabelText(/password/i), {
    target: {value: 'norris'},

  // just like a manual tester, we'll instruct our test to wait for the alert
  // to show up before continuing with our assertions.
  const alert = await screen.findByRole('alert')

  // .toHaveTextContent() comes from jest-dom's assertions
  // otherwise you could use expect(alert.textContent).toMatch(/congrats/i)
  // but jest-dom will give you better error messages which is why it's recommended

test('handles server exceptions', async () => {
  // mock the server error response for this test suite only.
  server.use('/api/login', (req, res, ctx) => {
      return res(ctx.status(500), ctx.json({message: 'Internal server error'}))

  render(<Login />)

  // fill out the form
  fireEvent.change(screen.getByLabelText(/username/i), {
    target: {value: 'chuck'},
  fireEvent.change(screen.getByLabelText(/password/i), {
    target: {value: 'norris'},

  // wait for the error message
  const alert = await screen.findByRole('alert')

  expect(alert).toHaveTextContent(/internal server error/i)

We recommend using Mock Service Worker library
to declaratively mock API communication in your tests instead of stubbing
window.fetch, or relying on third-party adapters.


Suppressing unnecessary warnings on React DOM 16.8

There is a known compatibility issue with React DOM 16.8 where you will see the
following warning:

Warning: An update to ComponentName inside a test was not wrapped in act(...).

If you cannot upgrade to React DOM 16.9, you may suppress the warnings by adding
the following snippet to your test configuration
(learn more):

// this is just a little hack to silence a warning that we'll get until we
// upgrade to 16.9. See also:
const originalError = console.error
beforeAll(() => {
  console.error = (...args) => {
    if (/Warning.*not wrapped in act/.test(args[0])) {
    }, ...args)

afterAll(() => {
  console.error = originalError

More Examples

We're in the process of moving examples to the
docs site

You'll find runnable examples of testing with different libraries in
the react-testing-library-examples codesandbox.
Some included are:

You can also find React Testing Library examples at


If you are interested in testing a custom hook, check out [React Hooks Testing

NOTE: it is not recommended to test single-use custom hooks in isolation from
the components where it's being used. It's better to test the component that's
using the hook rather than the hook itself. The React Hooks Testing Library
is intended to be used for reusable hooks/libraries.

Guiding Principles

[The more your tests resemble the way your software is used, the more
confidence they can give you.][guiding-principle]

We try to only expose methods and utilities that encourage you to write tests
that closely resemble how your React components are used.

Utilities are included in this project based on the following guiding

  1. If it relates to rendering components, it deals with DOM nodes rather than
    component instances, nor should it encourage dealing with component
  2. It should be generally useful for testing individual React components or
    full React applications. While this library is focused on react-dom,
    utilities could be included even if they don't directly relate to
  3. Utility implementations and APIs should be simple and flexible.

Most importantly, we want React Testing Library to be pretty light-weight,
simple, and easy to understand.


Read The Docs |
Edit the docs




Below are the reference links:

No. Link
1. Read more here.
2. Follow code author here.